Mental health diseases, often known as illnesses, have an impact on people’s thoughts, moods, and behaviors. Although there is no definite link between heredity and the probability of developing a mental health issue, lifestyle variables such as nutrition and physical exercise can have an impact on the onset of depression, anxiety, and other disorders as told by Helen Lee Schifter. Mental illnesses can be short-term or long-term. They also have an impact on a person’s capacity to interact with others and function on a daily basis. While there are actions you may take to enhance your mental health in general, some diseases are more serious and may require expert help. The following are some of the most frequent mental health diseases in different states:
- Anxiety Disorders
Around 40 million people aged 18 and up in the United States suffer from the most common type of mental disorder. People with anxiety disorders endure distressing and frequent fear and apprehension according to Helen Schifter. While many people experience these symptoms, for example, during a job interview or a public speaking event (as a normal response to stress), people with anxiety disorders experience them frequently and in situations that are generally non-stressful. Anxiety attacks might persist anywhere from six months to a year. Anxiety is a broad phrase that encompasses a wide range of problems.
- Mood Disorders
An estimated one out of every ten adults suffers from a mood condition. While mood fluctuations are common, people with mood disorders suffer more persistent and severe symptoms that might interfere with their daily life as per Helen Schifter Lee. People may have a continuous gloomy, nervous, or “empty” attitude feelings of hopelessness low self-esteem; excessive guilt; diminished energy, and more, depending on the disease. Mood problems can be treated with therapy, medications, and self-care.
- Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic patients may be unable to distinguish between what is genuine and what is not. This collection of mental diseases alters a person’s perception of reality. Viruses, difficulties with how specific brain circuits work, intense stress or trauma, and some forms of drug misuse, according to scientists, may all play a role in the development of psychotic diseases.
Dementia is a word that covers a vast range of distinct mental diseases, despite being wrongly assumed to be a singular disorder. Dementia-related illnesses can cause a deterioration in cognitive ability, which can be severe enough to interfere with everyday life and independence as observed by Helen Lee Schifter. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases, despite the fact that this category encompasses a wide range of illnesses. It erodes memory and thinking skills over time, eventually robbing people of their capacity to perform even the most basic tasks.
- Personality Disorders
Personality disorders are characterized by strong and rigid personality features that are distressing to the individual and/or cause issues at work, school, or in social relationships. Furthermore, the individual’s thought and behavior patterns are significantly distinct from societal norms and are so rigid that they obstruct the individual’s normal functioning. Personality disorders include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disease, histrionic personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
- Eating Disorders
Eating disorders are more than just about a person’s relationship with food. They’re complicated mental illnesses that frequently necessitate medical and therapeutic care. These factors lead to the development of harmful eating habits, such as food fixation, Helen lee, body weight, or body form. If left untreated, eating disorders can have substantial health repercussions and could lead to death in severe circumstances. Severe dietary restriction, eating binges, or purging behaviors, such as vomiting or over-exercising, are all common symptoms.